You have decided on the bird you prefer: quail, now what? Quail farming has been carried out, literally, for centuries by the Japanese and they have migrated with the help of humans all over the world.
Due to their small size, they are perhaps the easiest edible birds to raise and can be kept in small areas unlike other game birds that require more space.
Only a square foot of space is needed for a half dozen to eight birds, but the recommended number to start with is a pair of twenty. The ratio of males to females should be at least two females per male, but most game bird research shows that a few extra males help ensure excellent fertilization.
If you plan to collect eggs year-round, you will need to keep your birds indoors, as quail outdoors do not lay beyond fall and with plenty of bright light to encourage egg laying.
Males are not prone to monogamy, which allows them to reproduce with each and every female they come in contact with. These fine birds produce above average egg production from six weeks of age and, if raised for food, can be eaten at four to five weeks of age.
Part of the appeal of raising quail for food is the healthy meat they produce and it is desirable as a healthy consumption due to the low level of cholesterol it contains, as well as being infused with multiple nutrients.
As a delicious and nutritious food, quail is fast becoming the choice of people everywhere who want to follow healthy eating practices.
Proper cages are necessary to keep birds healthy and must be purchased before bringing the birds to your home or specified area for rearing. There are all kinds of cages available for purchase, or they can be made by hand, in any way that suits you best.
Some people have creatively used other rabbit cages and successfully raised a good quail house, so it is not necessary or advisable to buy the most expensive cage available. However, it is recommended that you make or purchase the best quality cage or cages, if only to save money in the future and to provide your birds with the healthiest homes.
Building your aviary in the best location is another factor to consider. It is necessary to keep them off the ground and at all times keep them protected from the outside elements if you opt for outdoor cages. An indoor aviary is easier to keep temperatures under control, but you must maintain cleanliness to keep the area disease and germ free.
The droppings need to be collected frequently if the aviary is indoors, and disposal is simple, especially if they are used as compost.
When it comes time to sell or cook your birds, having your actions already planned helps things go more smoothly and quickly, giving you plenty of time to replenish your aviary as needed. Whether you are raising quail for eggs, food, or as a hobby, it is a self-fulfilling enjoyment all year long and allows you to better understand birds in general. There is a lot of information available online for further research on quail farming.